Download E-books Books on Fire: The Destruction of Libraries throughout History PDF

By Lucien X. Polastron

A ancient survey of the destruction of data from old Babylon and China to trendy instances

• comprises the 3 separate destructions of the Library of Alexandria in addition to many both major collections all over the world

• Examines the reasons of violence directed at repositories of data

• appears to be like on the risks posed by means of digitalization of books to the unfastened availability of information within the future

Hebrew, Hindu, Nordic, and Islamic traditions percentage the assumption of an enormous library present earlier than the construction of the realm. The Vedas say that this library predated the creator’s construction of himself. but, virtually as outdated because the notion of the library is the urge to smash it. the explanations pointed out for this are many: trained everyone is a lot more durable to control, and a few proclaim that in simple terms the illiterate can store the area. There also are nice destructions caused by means of climate, worms, or even the paranoia of the library’s proprietor.

Books on Fire strains the background of this perpetual destruction from the burning of the good library of Alexandria (on 3 separate events) and the libraries of the chinese language Qing Dynasty to extra sleek catastrophic losses similar to these witnessed in Nazi-occupied Europe and the 2003 invasion of Iraq. the writer examines the factors for those mess ups, the treasures which have been misplaced, and the place the surviving books, if any, have ended up. His research additionally finds a brand new probability dealing with libraries this present day with the digitalization of books threatening either the life of the actual paper ebook and the very thought of studying at no cost. The promise of an absolute library provided by means of the pc may prove to equivalent the worst nightmares of Ray Bradbury, Aldous Huxley, and George Orwell.

Books on Fire bought the 2004 Société des Gens de Lettres Prize for Nonfiction/History in Paris.

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Download E-books One Hundred Years of Homosexuality: And Other Essays on Greek Love (New Ancient World) PDF

By David M Halperin

Halperin's topic is the erotics of male tradition in old Greece. Arguing that the fashionable inspiration of "homosexuality" is an insufficient instrument for the translation of those positive aspects of sexual lifestyles in antiquity, Halperin bargains an alternate account that accords higher prominence to the indigenous phrases within which sexual studies have been constituted within the historical Mediterranean global. Wittily and provocatively written, Halperin's meticulously drawn home windows onto historical sexuality provide us a brand new intending to the concept that of "Greek love."

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Download E-books Sex with the Queen: 900 Years of Vile Kings, Virile Lovers, and Passionate Politics PDF

By Eleanor Herman

during this follow-up to her bestselling Sex with Kings, Eleanor Herman finds the reality approximately what is going on at the back of the closed door of a queen's boudoir. Impeccably researched, choked with page-turning romance, ardour, and scandal, Sex with the Queen explores the scintillating sexual lives of a few of our so much cherished and notorious lady rulers.

She used to be the queen, dwelling in a luxurious palace, donning lavish robes and excellent jewels. She was once envied, favourite, and respected. She used to be additionally depressing, having been pressured to marry a international prince sight unseen, a royal ogre who was once sadistic, foaming on the mouth, bodily repulsive, mentally incompetent, or sexually impotent—and every now and then the entire above.

How did queens locate happiness? In courts bristling with testosterone—swashbuckling generals, polished courtiers, and virile cardinals—many royal girls had amorous affairs.
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Anne Boleyn flirted with courtiers; Catherine Howard slept with one. Henry VIII had either one of them beheaded.

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Catherine the nice had her fool husband murdered, and governed the Russian empire with an extended checklist of horny younger favorites.

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Marie Antoinette fell in love with the good-looking Swedish count number Axel Fersen, who attempted valiantly to rescue her from the guillotine.

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Empress Alexandra of Russia chanced on emotional solace within the mad monk Rasputin. Her habit used to be the spark that trigger the firestorm of the Russian revolution.

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Princess Diana gave up her palace bodyguard to take pleasure in numerous amorous affairs, which tragically resulted in her early death.

whilst a queen turned in poor health to demise of her husband and took a lover, something might happen—from shame and loss of life to political victory. a few kings imprisoned erring other halves for all times; different monarchs obligingly named the queen's lover major minister.

The an important issue identifying the destiny of an untrue queen used to be the affection affair's implications when it comes to strength, cash, and factional contention. At ecu courts, it used to be the politics—not the sex—that triggered a royal woman's tragedy—or her final triumph.

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Download E-books The Big Book of Pain: Torture & Punishment Through History PDF

By Daniel Diehl

Explaining the mechanics of torture—even now a debatable topic—this heritage questions why lots attempt has been placed into inflicting pain to fellow human beings
 
Taking readers into the traditional Roman coliseum, the medieval dungeon, the Inquisitional interrogation, the auto-da-fe, the witch-trial, and the main horrid of prisons, this is an exploration of the systematic use through the a long time of assorted technique of punishment, torture, coercion, and torment. it's a surprising and compelling learn of the shameful equipment and factors of the torturer and the executioner, and of the heinous accountability they've got played during the a long time. because the earliest occasions it really is an said proven fact that a person may be made to admit to something below torture, making such confessions inadmissible. This historical past of pain questions why such practices have continued for so long.

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Download E-books Public Land in the Roman Republic: A Social and Economic History of Ager Publicus in Italy, 396-89 BC (Oxford Studies in Roman Society and Law) PDF

Within the first quantity during this new sequence on Roman society and legislation, Saskia T. Roselaar strains the social and financial heritage of the ager publicus, or public land. because the Romans conquered Italy in the course of the fourth to first centuries BC, and they took land clear of their defeated enemies and declared this to be the valuables of the Roman kingdom. This land should be allotted to Roman electorate, however it can also stay within the fingers of the country, during which case it used to be to be had for basic public use. even if, within the 3rd and moment centuries BC development within the inhabitants of Italy ended in an elevated call for for land between either advertisement manufacturers and small farmers. This in flip resulted in the slow privatization of the state-owned land, as those that held it desired to defend their rights to it. Roselaar lines the currents in Roman financial system and demography which resulted in those developments.

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Download E-books The House of Rothschild: Volume 1: Money's Prophets: 1798-1848 PDF

By Niall Ferguson

In his wealthy and nuanced portrait of the impressive, elusive Rothschild kin, Oxford student and bestselling writer Niall Ferguson uncovers the secrets and techniques at the back of the family's extra special financial good fortune. He unearths for the 1st time the main points of the family's substantial political community, which gave it entry to and impression over the various maximum statesmen of the age. And he tells a relatives saga, tracing the significance of team spirit and the profound position of Judaism within the lives of a dynasty that rose from the confines of the Frankfurt ghetto and later used its impression to aid oppressed Jews all through Europe. A definitive paintings of impeccable scholarship with a completely attractive narrative, ‘The condominium of Rothschild’ is a biography of the rarest type, during which mysterious and interesting ancient figures ultimately spring to existence.

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Download E-books Cassidy's Run: The Secret Spy War Over Nerve Gas PDF

By David Wise

Cassidy's Run is the riveting tale of 1 of the best-kept secrets and techniques of the chilly War—an espionage operation fixed by means of Washington opposed to the Soviet Union that ran for twenty-three years. on the maximum degrees of the govt, its code identify used to be Operation shocker.

Lured by means of a double agent operating for the U.S., ten Russian spies, together with a professor on the collage of Minnesota, his spouse, and a vintage "sleeper" undercover agent in big apple urban, have been despatched through Moscow to penetrate America's secrets and techniques. FBI brokers have been killed, and mystery formulation have been handed to the Russians in a perilous ploy that may have spurred Moscow to create the world's strongest nerve gas.

Cassidy's Run tells this outstanding real tale for the 1st time, following a path that leads from Washington to Moscow, with detours to Florida, Minnesota, and Mexico. in accordance with files mystery earlier and ratings of interviews within the usa and Russia, the e-book finds that:

 ¸         more than 4,500 pages of categorised records, together with U.S. nerve gasoline formulation, have been handed to the Soviet Union in trade for millions of dollars

 ¸         an "Armageddon code," a mobile name to a host in long island urban, was once to alert the sleeper undercover agent to an drawing close nuclear attack—a caution he might transmit to the Soviets through radio sign from atop a rock in primary Park

 ¸         two FBI brokers have been killed while their aircraft crashed in the course of surveillance of 1 of the Soviet spies as he headed for the Canadian border

 ¸         secret "drops" for microdots have been organize through Moscow from long island to Florida to Washington

More than a cloak-and-dagger story, Cassidy's Run is the spellbinding tale of 1 usual guy, Sergeant Joe Cassidy, now not knowledgeable as a undercover agent, who unexpectedly stumbled on himself the FBI's mystery weapon in a perilous clandestine war.

ADVANCE compliment FOR CASSIDY'S RUN

"Cassidy's Run exhibits, once more, that few writers understand the bits and bobs of the secret agent video game like David clever. . . his learn is meticulous during this precise tale of espionage that reads like a thriller."
—Dan Rather

"The grasp hsa performed it back. David clever, the easiest observer and chronicler of spies there's, has advised one other gripping tale. This one comes from the chilly battle wrestle over nerve gasoline and is spookier than ever simply because it is all true."
—Jim Lehrer

From the Hardcover edition.

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Download E-books Henry VIII: The King and His Court PDF

By Alison Weir

For enthusiasts of Wolf Hall, Alison Weir’s New York instances bestselling biography of Henry VIII brilliantly brings to existence the king, the court docket, and the interesting women and men who vied for its pleasures and rewards.

“WEIR’S e-book OUTSHINES ALL prior reviews OF HENRY. fantastically written, exhaustive in its study, it's a gem. . . . She succeeds masterfully in making Henry and his six other halves . . . come alive for the reader.”—Philadelphia Inquirer

Henry VIII, popular for his command of strength and celebrated for his mind, presided over the most magnificent–and dangerous–courts in Renaissance Europe. by no means earlier than has a close, own biography of this charismatic monarch been set opposed to the cultural, social, and political historical past of his glittering court docket. Now Alison Weir, writer of the best royal chronicles of our time, brings to brilliant existence the turbulent, complicated determine of the King. filled with colourful description, meticulous in historic element, wealthy in pageantry, intrigue, ardour, and comfort, Weir brilliantly renders King Henry VIII, his court docket, and the interesting women and men who vied for its pleasures and rewards. the result's a fully spellbinding learn.

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Download E-books The Message of the Sphinx: A Quest for the Hidden Legacy of Mankind PDF

By Graham Hancock

During this riveting account of old and archaeological research, the authors current challenging facts that the Sphinx, the Pyramids, and the opposite monuments at Giza are of way more historical foundation than formerly believed. whole with facts of a conspiracy among the Egyptology institution and numerous private companies to maintain the secrets and techniques of the Pyramids from the area, The Message of the Sphinx is usually a modern day detective tale. of photographs.

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Download E-books Toussaint Louverture PDF

By Madison Smartt Bell

On the finish of the 1700s, French Saint Domingue was once the richest and such a lot brutal colony within the Western Hemisphere. an insignificant twelve years later, in spite of the fact that, Haitian rebels had defeated the Spanish, British, and French and declared independence after the first—and only—successful slave insurrection in historical past. a lot of the luck of the revolution needs to be credited to at least one guy, Toussaint Louverture, a determine approximately whom unusually little is understood. during this interesting biography, Madison Smartt Bell, award-winning writer of a trilogy of novels that examine Haiti’s heritage, combines a novelist’s ardour with a deep wisdom of the historic milieu that produced the fellow categorized a saint, a martyr, or a smart opportunist who instigated probably the most violent occasions in sleek heritage. the 1st biography in English in over sixty years of the guy who led the Haitian Revolution, this is often an interesting reexamination of the debatable, paradoxical chief.

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